Studies on the Impact of and Adherence to CONSORT

CONSORT Statement

Adetugbo K, Williams H. How well are randomized controlled trials reported in the dermatology literature? Arch Dermatol 2000; 136(3):381-385.
PMID: 10724201

Agha R, Cooper D, Muir G. The reporting quality of randomised controlled trials in surgery: A systematic review. Int J Surg 2007;
PMID: 18029237

Ah-See KW, Molony NC. A qualitative assessment of randomized controlled trials in otolaryngology. J Laryngol Otol 1998; 112(5):460-463.
PMID: 9747475

Al-Namankany AA, Ashley P, Moles DR, Parekh S. Assessment of the quality of reporting of randomized clinical trials in paediatric dentistry journals. Int J Paediatr Dent 2009; 19(5):318-324.
PMID: 19320912

Al-Namankany A, Parekh S, Ashley P, Moles D. Assessing quality of reporting of clinical trials in paediatric dentistry. Int J Paed Dent 2007; 17((Suppl 1)):26.

Anderson L, Lewis G, Araya R, Elgie R, Harrison G, Proudfoot J, Schmidt U, Sharp D, Weightman A, Williams C. Self-help books for depression: how can practitioners and patients make the right choice? Br J Gen Pract 2005; 55(514):387-392.
PMID: 15904559

Anttila H, Malmivaara A, Kunz R, Autti-Ramo I, Makela M. Quality of reporting of randomized, controlled trials in cerebral palsy. Pediatrics 2006; 117(6):2222-2230.
PMID: 16740868

Areia M, Soares M, nis-Ribeiro M. Quality reporting of endoscopic diagnostic studies in gastrointestinal journals: where do we stand on the use of the STARD and CONSORT statements? Endoscopy 2010; 42(2):138-147.
PMID: 20140830

Balasubramanian SP, Wiener M, Alshameeri Z, Tiruvoipati R, Elbourne D, Reed MW. Standards of reporting of randomized controlled trials in general surgery: can we do better? Ann Surg 2006; 244(5):663-667.
PMID: 17060756

Bath FJ, Owen VE, Bath PM. Quality of full and final publications reporting acute stroke trials: a systematic review. Stroke 1998; 29(10):2203-2210.
PMID: 9756604

Bellomo R, Uchino S, Naka T, Wan L. Hidden evidence to the West: multicentre, randomised, controlled trials in sepsis and systemic inflammatory response syndrome in Japanese journals. Intensive Care Med 2004; 30(5):911-917.
PMID: 15052382

Bhandari M, Guyatt GH, Lochner H, Sprague S, Tornetta P, III. Application of the Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials (CONSORT) in the Fracture Care Literature. J Bone Joint Surg Am 2002; 84-A(3):485-489.
PMID: 11886922

Bian ZX, Moher D, Dagenais S, Li YP, Wu TX, Liu L, Miao JX, Song L, Zhang HM. Improving the quality of randomized controlled trials in Chinese herbal medicine, part IV: applying a revised CONSORT checklist to measure reporting quality. Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Xue Bao 2006; 4(3):233-242.
PMID: 16696907

Bian ZX, Li YP, Moher D, Dagenais S, Liu L, Wu TX, Miao JX, Kwan AK, Song L. Improving the quality of randomized controlled trials in Chinese herbal medicine, part I: clinical trial design and methodology. Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Xue Bao 2006; 4(2):120-129.
PMID: 16529686

Boots I, Van Dalen E, Kuin L, Offringa M, Caron H, Kremer L. Methodological quality of randomised controlled trials in paediatric oncology published in 2001 and 2002 [abstract]. 12th Cochrane Colloquium: Bridging the Gaps; 2004 Oct 2 6; Ottawa, Ontario, Canada 2004;92.

Chauhan SP, Berghella V, Sanderson M, Siddiqui D, Hendrix NW, Magann EF. Randomized clinical trials behind level A recommendations in obstetric practice bulletins: compliance with CONSORT statement. Am J Perinatol 2009; 26(1):69-80.
PMID: 18979412

Cipriani A, Malvini L, Furukawa TA, Barbui C. Relationship between quality of reports of antidepressant randomized controlled trials and treatment estimates: systematic review, meta-analysis, and meta-regression analysis. J Clin Psychopharmacol 2007; 27(4):352-356.
PMID: 17632218

Clarke M, Chalmers I. Discussion sections in reports of controlled trials published in general medical journals: islands in search of continents? JAMA 1998; 280(3):280-282.
PMID: 9676682

Clarke M, Alderson P, Chalmers I. Discussion sections in reports of controlled trials published in general medical journals. JAMA 2002; 287(21):2799-2801.
PMID: 12038916

Cobo E, Selva-O'callagham A, Ribera JM, Cardellach F, Dominguez R, Vilardell M. Statistical reviewers improve reporting in biomedical articles: a randomized trial. PLoS ONE 2007; 2:e332.
PMID: 17389922

Cowan J, Lozano-Calderon S, Ring D. Quality of prospective controlled randomized trials. Analysis of trials of treatment for lateral epicondylitis as an example. J Bone Joint Surg Am 2007; 89(8):1693-1699.
PMID: 17671006

Deeks JJ, Altman DG. Inadequate reporting of controlled trials as short reports. Lancet 1998; 352(9144):1908.
PMID: 9863796

Devereaux PJ, Manns BJ, Ghali WA, Quan H, Guyatt GH. The reporting of methodological factors in randomized controlled trials and the association with a journal policy to promote adherence to the Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials (CONSORT) checklist. Control Clin Trials 2002; 23(4):380-388.
PMID: 12161081

Dias S, McNamee R, Vail A. Evidence of improving quality of reporting of randomized controlled trials in subfertility. Hum Reprod 2006; 21(10):2617-2627.
PMID: 16793995

Doig GS, Simpson F, Delaney A. A review of the true methodological quality of nutritional support trials conducted in the critically ill: time for improvement. Anesth Analg 2005; 100(2):527-533.
PMID: 15673887

Egger M, Juni P, Bartlett C. Value of flow diagrams in reports of randomized controlled trials. JAMA 2001; 285(15):1996-1999.
PMID: 11308437

Ellis C, Hall JL, Khalil A, Hall JC. Evolution of methodological standards in surgical trials. ANZ J Surg 2005; 75(10):874-877.
PMID: 16176230

Ethgen M, Boutron I, Steg PG, Roy C, Ravaud P. Quality of reporting internal and external validity data from randomized controlled trials evaluating stents for percutaneous coronary intervention. BMC Med Res Methodol 2009; 9(1):24.
PMID: 19358717

Falagas ME, Grigori T, Ioannidou E. A systematic review of trends in the methodological quality of randomized controlled trials in various research fields. J Clin Epidemiol 2009; 62(3):227-31, 231.
PMID: 19013764

Farrokhyar F, Chu R, Whitlock R, Thabane L. A systematic review of the quality of publications reporting coronary artery bypass grafting trials. Can J Surg 2007; 50(4):266-277.
PMID: 17897515

Ferri M, Vecchi S, Davoli M, Amato L, Minozzi S, Perucci CA. Primary studies in the field of addictions: sailing the specialised regiser of trials of the Cochrane group on drugs and alcohol (CDAG). XI Cochrane Colloquium: Evidence, Health Care and Culture; 2003 Oct 26 31; Barcelona, Spain 2003;48.

Fung AE, Palanki R, Bakri SJ, Depperschmidt E, Gibson A. Applying the CONSORT and STROBE statements to evaluate the reporting quality of neovascular age-related macular degeneration studies. Ophthalmology 2009; 116(2):286-296.
PMID: 19091408

Gagnier J, Clarke J, Bombardier C. Methodological quality of randomized controlled intervention trials of spinal disorders [abstract]. 12th Cochrane Colloquium: Bridging the Gaps; 2004 Oct 2 6; Ottawa, Ontario, Canada 2004;92-93.

Gagnier J, DeMelo J, Bombardier C. Reporting quality of randomized controlled trials of botanical medicines [abstract]. 12th Cochrane Colloquium: Bridging the Gaps; 2004 Oct 2 6; Ottawa, Ontario, Canada 2004;213.

Garcia-Alamino JM, Parera A, Olle G, Bonfill X. [Clinical trials published in Revista Espanola de Anestesiologia y Reanimacion: characteristics and quality of design]. Rev Esp Anestesiol Reanim 2007; 54(6):333-339.
PMID: 17695943

Garcia R, Benet M, Arnau C, Cobo E. Efficiency of the cross-over design: an empirical estimation. Stat Med 2004; 23(24):3773-3780.
PMID: 15580599

George S, Schell MJ, Detterbeck FC, Socinski MA. Adjuvant Chemotherapy for Resected Non-Small Cell Carcinoma of the Lung: Why We Still Don't Know. Oncologist 1998; 3(1):35-44.
PMID: 10388082

Gibson CA, Kirk EP, LeCheminant JD, Bailey BW, Jr., Huang G, Donnelly JE. Reporting quality of randomized trials in the diet and exercise literature for weight loss. BMC Med Res Methodol 2005; 5(1):9.
PMID: 15727681

Gunn J, Diggens J, Hegarty K, Blashki G. A systematic review of complex system interventions designed to increase recovery from depression in primary care. BMC Health Serv Res 2006; 6:88.
PMID: 16842629

Halpern SH, Darani R, Douglas MJ, Wight W, Yee J. Compliance with the CONSORT checklist in obstetric anaesthesia randomised controlled trials. Int J Obstet Anesth 2004; 13(4):207-214.
PMID: 15477048

Han C, Kwak KP, Marks DM, Pae CU, Wu LT, Bhatia KS, Masand PS, Patkar AA. The impact of the CONSORT statement on reporting of randomized clinical trials in psychiatry. Contemp Clin Trials 2009; 30(2):116-122.
PMID: 19070681

Herbison P. The reporting quality of abstracts of randomised controlled trials submitted to the ICS meeting in Heidelberg. Neurourol Urodyn 2005; 24(1):21-24.
PMID: 15468278

Hernandez AV, Boersma E, Murray GD, Habbema JD, Steyerberg EW. Subgroup analyses in therapeutic cardiovascular clinical trials: are most of them misleading? Am Heart J 2006; 151(2):257-264.
PMID: 16442886

Hill CL, LaValley MP, Felson DT. Secular changes in the quality of published randomized clinical trials in rheumatology. Arthritis Rheum 2002; 46(3):779-784.
PMID: 11920415

Hogan DB, Goldlist B, Naglie G, Patterson C. Comparison studies of cholinesterase inhibitors for Alzheimer's disease. Lancet Neurol 2004; 3(10):622-626.
PMID: 15380159

Holdcraft LC, Assefi N, Buchwald D. Complementary and alternative medicine in fibromyalgia and related syndromes. Best Pract Res Clin Rheumatol 2003; 17(4):667-683.
PMID: 12849718

Hopewell S, Clarke M. Quality of trials reported as conference abstracts: how well are they reported? [abstract]. XI Cochrane Colloquium: Evidence, Health Care and Culture; 2003 Oct 26 31; Barcelona, Spain 2003;38.

Hopewell S, Clarke M, Askie L. Trials reported as abstracts and full publications: how do they compare? [abstract]. 12th Cochrane Colloquium: Bridging the Gaps; 2004 Oct 2 6; Ottawa, Ontario, Canada 2004;77.

Kane RL, Wang J, Garrard J. Reporting in randomized clinical trials improved after adoption of the CONSORT statement. J Clin Epidemiol 2007; 60(3):241-249.
PMID: 17292017

Kjaergard LL, Frederiksen SL, Gluud C. Validity of randomized clinical trials in gastroenterology from 1964-2000. Gastroenterology 2002; 122(4):1157-1160.
PMID: 11910365

Kober T, Trelle S, Engert A. Reporting of randomized controlled trials in Hodgkin lymphoma in biomedical journals. J Natl Cancer Inst 2006; 98(9):620-625.
PMID: 16670387

Lai TY, Wong VW, Lam RF, Cheng AC, Lam DS, Leung GM. Quality of reporting of key methodological items of randomized controlled trials in clinical ophthalmic journals. Ophthalmic Epidemiol 2007; 14(6):390-398.
PMID: 18161613

Levin A. Reporting standards and the transparency of trials. Ann Intern Med 2001; 134(2):169-172.
PMID: 11177328

Li JY, Zhang YF, Smith GS, Xue CJ, Luo YN, Chen WH, Skinner CJ, Finkelstein J. Quality of Reporting of Randomized Clinical Trials in Tai Chi Interventions--A Systematic Review. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med 2009;
PMID: 19351709

Mao B, Wang G, Cheng X-D, Fan T, Liu J, Wang L, Chang J, Zhang Y, Guo J, Li T-Q. Quality assessment of the reporting of randomized controlled trials published in the Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine with the revised CONSORT Statement [Chinese]. Chin J Evid-Based Med 2006; 6(4):297-304.

Mills E, Loke YK, Wu P, Montori VM, Perri D, Moher D, Guyatt G. Determining the reporting quality of RCTs in clinical pharmacology. Br J Clin Pharmacol 2004; 58(1):61-65.
PMID: 15206994

Moher D, Soeken K, Sampson M, Ben Porat L, Berman B. Assessing the quality of reports of randomized trials in pediatric complementary and alternative medicine. BMC Pediatr 2002; 2:2.
PMID: 11914145

Moher D, Jones A, Lepage L. Use of the CONSORT statement and quality of reports of randomized trials: a comparative before-and-after evaluation. JAMA 2001; 285(15):1992-1995.
PMID: 11308436

Montane E, Vallano A, Vidal X, Aguilera C, Laporte JR. Reporting randomised clinical trials of analgesics after traumatic or orthopaedic surgery is inadequate: a systematic review. BMC Clin Pharmacol 2010; 10(1):2.
PMID: 20067642

Parent N, Hanley JA. Assessing quality of reports on randomized clinical trials in nursing journals. Can J Cardiovasc Nurs 2009; 19(2):25-39.
PMID: 19517902

Pares D, Norton C, Chelvanayagam S. Fecal Incontinence: The Quality of Reported Randomized, Controlled Trials in the Last Ten Years. Dis Colon Rectum 2008; 51(1):88-95.
PMID: 18085335

Partsinevelou A, Zintzaras E. Quality of reporting of randomized controlled trials in polycystic ovary syndrome. Trials 2009; 10:106.
PMID: 19930576

Pat K, Dooms C, Vansteenkiste J. Systematic review of symptom control and quality of life in studies on chemotherapy for advanced non-small cell lung cancer: How CONSORTed are the data? Lung Cancer 2008;
PMID: 18395928

Perneger TV. Citation analysis of identical consensus statements revealed journal-related bias. J Clin Epidemiol 2010;
PMID: 20097531

Plint AC, Moher D, Schulz K, Altman DG, Morrison A. Does the CONSORT checklist improve the quality of reports of randomized controlled trials? A systematic review [abstract]. International Congress on Peer Review and Biomedical Publication; 2005 Sept 16 18; Chicago, Illinois, USA 2005;25.

Plint AC, Moher D, Morrison A, Schulz K, Altman DG, Hill C, Gaboury I. Does the CONSORT checklist improve the quality of reports of randomised controlled trials? A systematic review. Med J Aust 2006; 185(5):263-267.
PMID: 16948622

Pocock SJ, Travison TG, Wruck LM. Figures in clinical trial reports: current practice and scope for improvement. Trials 2007; 8(1):36.
PMID: 18021449

Prady SL, Richmond SJ, Morton VM, MacPherson H. A systematic evaluation of the impact of STRICTA and CONSORT recommendations on quality of reporting for acupuncture trials. PLoS ONE 2008; 3(2):e1577.
PMID: 18270568

Rios LP, Odueyungbo A, Moitri MO, Rahman MO, Thabane L. Quality of reporting of randomized controlled trials in general endocrinology literature. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2008;
PMID: 18583463

Sadr-Azodi O, ndren-Sandberg A. The quality of randomized clinical trials in the field of surgery: studies on laparoscopic versus open appendectomy as an example. Dig Surg 2009; 26(5):351-357.
PMID: 19887802

Sanchez-Thorin JC, Cortes MC, Montenegro M, Villate N. The quality of reporting of randomized clinical trials published in Ophthalmology. Ophthalmology 2001; 108(2):410-415.
PMID: 11158822

Scherer RW, Dickersin K. Reporting of randomized clinical trial descriptors and use of structured abstracts. Third International Congress on Biomedical Peer Review and Global Communications; 1997 Sept 18 20; Prague, Czech Republic.

Scherer RW, Crawley B. Reporting of randomized clinical trial descriptors and use of structured abstracts. JAMA 1998; 280(3):269-272.
PMID: 9676678

Schmucker C, Blumle A, Antes G, Lagreze W. [Randomized controlled and controlled clinical trials in German-language ophthalmological journals]. Ophthalmologe 2007;
PMID: 17899115

Selman TJ, Johnson NP, Zamora J, Khan KS. Gynaecologic surgery from uncertainty to science: evolution of randomized control trials. Hum Reprod 2008; 23(4):827-831.
PMID: 18227107

Sen A, Smith E. Reporting on the quality of randomised controlled trials in prehospital care [abstract]. XIII Cochrane Colloquium; 2005 Oct 22 26; Melbourne, Australia 2005;170.

Shikata S, Nakayama T, Yamagishi H. Quality of surgical randomized controlled trials for acute cholecystitis: assessment based on CONSORT and additional check items. J Hepatobiliary Pancreat Surg 2008; 15(3):297-303.
PMID: 18535768

Smith BA, Lee HJ, Lee JH, Choi M, Jones DE, Bausell RB, Broome ME. Quality of reporting randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in the nursing literature: application of the consolidated standards of reporting trials (CONSORT). Nurs Outlook 2008; 56(1):31-37.
PMID: 18237622

Stinson JN, McGrath PJ, Yamada JT. Clinical trials in the Journal of Pediatric Psychology: applying the CONSORT statement. J Pediatr Psychol 2003; 28(3):159-167.
PMID: 12654939

Taghinia AH, Liao EC, May JW, Jr. Randomized controlled trials in plastic surgery: a 20-year review of reporting standards, methodologic quality, and impact. Plast Reconstr Surg 2008; 122(4):1253-1263.
PMID: 18827662

Thabane L, Chu R, Cuddy K, Douketis J. What is the quality of reporting in weight loss intervention studies? A systematic review of randomized controlled trials. Int J Obes (Lond) 2007;
PMID: 17452988

Tiruvoipati R, Balasubramanian SP, Atturu G, Peek GJ, Elbourne D. Improving the quality of reporting randomized controlled trials in cardiothoracic surgery: the way forward. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2006; 132(2):233-240.
PMID: 16872940

Torgerson DJ, Torgerson CJ, Birks YF, Porthouse J. A quality comparison of randomised controlled trials in health and education. 4th Symposium on Systematic Reviews: Pushing the Boundaries, July 2002 in Oxford 2002.

Tulikangas PK, Ayers A, O'Sullivan DM. A meta-analysis comparing trials of antimuscarinic medications funded by industry or not. BJU Int 2006; 98(2):377-380.
PMID: 16879680

Uetani K, Nakayama T, Ikai H, Yonemoto N, Moher D. Quality of reports on randomized controlled trials conducted in Japan: evaluation of adherence to the CONSORT statement. Intern Med 2009; 48(5):307-313.
PMID: 19252352

Vavken P, Culen G, Dorotka R. [Clinical applicability of evidence-based orthopedics--a cross-sectional study of the quality of orthopedic evidence]. Z Orthop Unfall 2008; 146(1):21-25.
PMID: 18324577

Voigt-Radloff S, Schochat T, Heiss HW. [Controlled trials on the efficacy of occupational therapy with elderly. Part II: Evidence for prioritized diseases and disabilities]. Z Gerontol Geriatr 2004; 37(6):450-458.
PMID: 15614597

Voigt-Radloff S, Schochat T, Heiss HW. [Controlled trials on the efficacy of occupational therapy with elderly. Part I: Research question, search strategy and methodological quality of trials]. Z Gerontol Geriatr 2004; 37(6):444-449.
PMID: 15614596

Wang G, Mao B, Xiong ZY, Fan T, Chen XD, Wang L, Liu GJ, Liu J, Guo J, Chang J, Wu TX, Li TQ. The quality of reporting of randomized controlled trials of traditional Chinese medicine: a survey of 13 randomly selected journals from mainland China. Clin Ther 2007; 29(7):1456-1467.
PMID: 17825697

Wood L, Juni P, Kjaergard L, Moher D, Royle P, Schulz K, Altman D, Egger M, Sterne J. Trends in reported allocation concealment in RCTs included in systematic reviews [abstract]. 12th Cochrane Colloquium: Bridging the Gaps; 2004 Oct 2 6; Ottawa, Ontario, Canada 2004;207-208.

Xu L, Li J, Zhang M, Ai C, Wang L. Chinese authors do need CONSORT: reporting quality assessment for five leading Chinese medical journals. Contemp Clin Trials 2008; 29(5):727-731.
PMID: 18579449

Zabalegui A, Sanchez S, Sanchez PD, Juando C. Nursing and cancer support groups. J Adv Nurs 2005; 51(4):369-381.
PMID: 16086806

Zhang D, Yin P, Freemantle N, Jordan R, Zhong N, Cheng K. An assessment of the quality of randomised controlled trials conducted in China. Trials 2008; 9:22.
PMID: 18435861

Zhang Y, Zhang RM, Chang J. [Quality assessment of the report of randomized controlled trials on treatment of liver carcinoma with traditional Chinese medicine]. Zhongguo Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Za Zhi 2008; 28(7):588-590.
PMID: 18822904

Ziogas DC, Zintzaras E. Analysis of the quality of reporting of randomized controlled trials in acute and chronic myeloid leukemia, and myelodysplastic syndromes as governed by the CONSORT statement. Ann Epidemiol 2009; 19(7):494-500.
PMID: 19523596


CONSORT Statement Extensions

Bausch B, Spaar A, Kleijnen J, Puhan MA. Quality of randomised trials in COPD. Eur Respir J 2009; 34(5):1060-1065.
PMID: 19574328

Capili B, Anastasi JK, Geiger JN. Adverse event reporting in acupuncture clinical trials focusing on pain. Clin J Pain 2010; 26(1):43-48.
PMID: 20026952

Chan S, Bhandari M. The quality of reporting of orthopaedic randomized trials with use of a checklist for nonpharmacological therapies. J Bone Joint Surg Am 2007; 89(9):1970-1978.
PMID: 17768194

Duan Y, Li J, Ai C, Chen Y, Chen P, Zhang M, Hopewell S. Quality of trials reported as conference abstracts in China: how well are they reported? Int J Technol Assess Health Care 2009; 25(4):479-484.
PMID: 19845978

Harrison JE. Clinical trials in orthodontics II: assessment of the quality of reporting of clinical trials published in three orthodontic journals between 1989 and 1998. J Orthod 2003; 30(4):309-315.
PMID: 14634169

Isaakidis P, Ioannidis JP. Evaluation of cluster randomized controlled trials in sub-Saharan Africa. Am J Epidemiol 2003; 158(9):921-926.
PMID: 14585770

Lesaffre E, Garcia Zattera MJ, Redmond C, Huber H, Needleman I. Reported methodological quality of split-mouth studies. J Clin Periodontol 2007; 34(9):756-761.
PMID: 17716311

Prady SL, MacPherson H. Assessing the Utility of the Standards for Reporting Trials of Acupuncture (STRICTA): A Survey of Authors. J Altern Complement Med 2007; 13(9):939-944.
PMID: 18047440

Sinha S, Sinha S, Ashby E, Jayaram R, Grocott MP. Quality of reporting in randomized trials published in high-quality surgical journals. J Am Coll Surg 2009; 209(5):565-571.
PMID: 19854395

Yoon U, Knobloch K. Quality of reporting in sports injury prevention abstracts according to the CONSORT and STROBE criteria- an analysis of the World Congress of Sports Injury Prevention in 2005 and 2008. Br J Sports Med 2009;
PMID: 19656768